Kamis, 29 Maret 2012

Tugas Bahasa Inggris 2


TOEFL EXERCISE : Chose the letter of the underlined word or group of words that is not correct.
1.     Nobody know when the process of glass making was invented.

A = know , B = process, C = was, D = invented

Kata  yang salah dari kalimat di atas adalah B ( know) karena subjeknya (nobody) adalah singular maka seharusnya “know” menjadi “knows”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi :

“Nobody knows when the process of glass making was invented.”
2.     The languages of the wold presents a vast of structural similiarities and differences.

A = presents, B  = array, C = similiarities, D = difference

Kata yang salah dalam kalimat diatas adalah A (presents) karena subjeknya (The languages) adalah plural maka seharusnya “presents” menjadi “present” tanpa huruf “s”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi :

“The languages of the wold present a vast of structural similiarities and differences.”
3.     The rise of multinationals have resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

A = have, B = resulted, C= can, D = operate

Kata yang salah dalam kalimat tersebut adalah pada kata B (have) karana subjeknya (The rise of multinationals) merupakan singular sehingga seharusnya kata “have” diubah menjadi “has”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi :

“The rise of multinationals has resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.”

4.     All of the east – west interstate highways in the United States has even numbers, while nort-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

A = has, B = numbers, C = are, D = odd-numbered

Kata yang salah dari kalimat diatas adalah terletak pada B (has) karena subjeknya singular, terlihat dari kata “all” dan akhiran “s” pada “highways” maka kata yang benar adalah “have”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi :

“All of the east – west interstate highways in the United States have even numbers, while nort-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.”

5.     When a massive star in the large Megellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos were detected on eart.

A = when, B = exploded, C = were, D = detected

Kata yang salah adalah pada C (were) karena subjeknya singular (a wave), maka kata yang tepat adalah “was” bukan “were”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi : 

“When a massive star in the large Megellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos was detected on eart.”

6.     Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes are occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

A = targeted, B = has, C = are, D = occupied

Kata yang salah adalah pada C (are) karena subjeknya singular sehingga seharusnya “are” ddiganti menjadi “is”. Maka kalimatnya menjadi :

“Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes is occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.”

7.     Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that put so musch ash into the air that sunsets the wold was aeeected for two years afterward.

A = is membered, B = put, C = was affected, D = afterward

Kata yang salah terdapat pada verbnya yaitu C (was affected) karena subjeknya noun prular (sunsets) sehingga kata “was affected” harus diganti dengan “were affected”. Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi :

“Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that put so musch ash into the air that sunsets the wold were aeeected for two years afterward.”

8.     The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States are referred to as a Yankee.

A = was, B= are, C = referred, D = to as

Kata yang salah adalah penggunaan verb pada the United States are referred to as a Yankee, karena subjeknya adalah singular sehingga bukan “are” tetapi “is”. Kalimat yang benar adalah :

“The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States is referred to as a Yankee.”

9.     A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplay blood to the face and scalp.

A = sandwiched, B = underlying, C = supply, D = blood

Kata yang salah ada pada C (supplies) karena subjeknya singular (a network) sehingga seharusnya bukan “supply” tapi supplies.” Kalimat yang benar adalah:

“A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplies blood to the face and scalp.”

10.            Mesquite is small tree in the Southwest who can withstand the severest drought.

Kata yang salah terdapat pada C (who) karena subjeknya (mesquite) bukan orang tetapi kata benda sehingga tidak boleh menggunakan “who” tetapi harus menggunakan “which”. Jadi kalimat yang benar adalah :

“Mesquite is small tree in the Southwest who can withstand the severest drought.”
















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